The Gold Coast boasts internationally regarded natural wetland areas and extensive mangrove and estuarine wetlands lining our major rivers and creeks.
Our wetlands are important for habitat and biodiversity conservation, marine breeding, the health of our waterways, flood mitigation and providing recreational opportunities.
Wetlands are areas that have acquired special characteristics from being wet on a regular or semi-regular basis. They are wet for a long enough period so that the plants and animals living in them are adapted to, and often dependent on, living in wet conditions for at least part of their life cycle.
The importance of wetlands has been recognised internationally through the Ramsar Convention, which aims to conserve wetlands through improving the community's understanding of their importance and by maintaining their natural properties, which include:
There are many different types of wetlands throughout the Gold Coast, making our environment diverse and unique. Significant mangrove and estuarine wetlands line the major Creeks and Rivers of the City. Remnants of freshwater, eucalypt wetlands have been conserved throughout Varsity Lakes and are recognised by the State for their regional ecosystem value. Large areas of Melaleuca wetlands have also been preserved throughout Coomera Waters and provide extensive frog habitat.
In addition to natural wetlands, there are many constructed wetlands in the city. Constructed wetlands can mimic the natural functions of wetlands. Healthy flora and fauna communities can flourish and these areas are of great recreational value to the community. Many constructed wetlands also perform essential stormwater treatment prior to runoff entering our creeks and rivers.
The Gold Coast boasts some very important wetland areas including the Coombabah Lakelands Conservation Area. Coombabah Lakelands is part of the internationally significant Southern Moreton Bay Marine Park and has been included on the RAMSAR register of sites. The RAMSAR register lists wetlands from all over the world, which have significant environmental value and therefore requiring protection from harm. Coombabah is also a valuable JAMBA and CAMBA site. JAMBA and CAMBA are agreements between Australia and Japan and China respectively, for the protection of migratory birds in danger of extinction, and their environment.
There are many ways in which the community can minimise the impact of their actions on wetlands so the ecological, economic and social values are maintained:
For further information please contact us on 1300 GOLDCOAST (1300 465 326).